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Eiki Goto, Murat Dogru, Takashi Kojima, Kazuo Tsubota; Computer-Synthesis of an Interference Color Chart of Human Tear Lipid Layer, by a Colorimetric Approach. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(11):4693-4697. doi: 10.1167/iovs.03-0260.
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purpose. To synthesize an interference color chart for the specific tear lipid layer interference camera, DR-1, for the conversion of the tear film lipid layer thickness into color graphic information—that is, for the quantification of the tear interference image—by a colorimetric approach.
methods. Because the color of the tear lipid layer interference image is visualized by a white light source interference phenomena, to produce γ-corrected red, green, and blue (RGB) values of a specific interference color at a certain tear lipid film thickness, XYZ tristimulus values of the Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage (CIE) were obtained. XYZ tristimulus values were calculated from the light source spectrum of the DR-1 camera, the color-matching function of CIE, and the reflectance of the tear interference image in wavelengths ranging from 380 to 780 nm. These calculated interference colors were synthesized ranging from 0 nm to 1000 nm of lipid film thickness to produce a color chart. The applicability of the new color chart in the analysis of the lipid layer thickness was tested on a healthy control subject with normal tear function and a patient with dry eye who had aqueous tear deficiency and meibomian gland obstruction.
results. The specific tear interference color chart for the DR-1 camera was obtained with RGB and XYZ tristimulus values. The interference chart ranged from 0 to approximately the 5th interference order. The interference colors from clinical DR-1 images could be converted to lipid thickness data by using the color chart system.
conclusions. A new tear interference color chart was developed in this study, which may be of benefit in converting tear interference color information to data describing the thickness of the tear film lipid layer.
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