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Craig E. Crosson, Carl F. Sloan, Philip W. Yates; Modulation of Conventional Outflow Facility by the Adenosine A1 Agonist N6-Cyclohexyladenosine. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2005;46(10):3795-3799. doi: 10.1167/iovs.05-0421.
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purpose. Studies have shown that the activation of adenosine A1 receptors lower intraocular pressure primarily by increasing total outflow facility. The purpose of this study was to investigate the actions of the adenosine A1 agonist N 6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) on conventional outflow facility.
methods. Conventional outflow facility was evaluated in isolated bovine anterior segments, perfused at a constant pressure of 10 mm Hg. After overnight perfusion to establish a stable baseline, the concentration- and time-dependent changes in outflow facility induced by CHA were determined. To confirm the involvement of adenosine A1 receptors and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in any change in facility, the responses to CHA were evaluated in preparations treated with the adenosine A1 receptor antagonist, 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine (CPT), or the nonselective MMP inhibitor GM-6001.
results. The administration of CHA (10 μM) to perfused anterior segments produced a 28% increase in outflow facility over basal levels. This response was relatively slow to develop with no significant change in outflow facility measured until after 60 minutes of CHA infusion. The peak response to CHA infusion occurred between 3 and 4 hours after CHA administration. Analysis of the CHA concentration–response curves demonstrated that this increase in outflow facility was concentration-dependent, with an EC50 of 0.28 μM. Pretreatment with the adenosine A1 receptor antagonist CPT (10 μM) or the nonselective MMP inhibitor GM-6001 (10 μM) blocked the response to CHA (1 μM). When compared with control eyes, no significant change in baseline facility was measured in eyes perfused with CPT or GM-6001.
conclusions. These studies demonstrate that the adenosine agonist CHA significantly increases conventional outflow facility in the perfused bovine eye. Analysis of the CHA concentration–response curve and inhibition of the CHA-induced increase in outflow facility by the adenosine A1 antagonist confirms that this response is mediated by the activation of adenosine A1 receptors. The inhibition of the CHA-induced increase in outflow facility by the MMP inhibitor GM-6001 provides evidence that the secretion and activation of MMPs within the conventional outflow pathway play a central role in the ocular hypotensive action of adenosine A1 agonists.
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