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Jonathan E. Sears, George Hoppe; Triamcinolone Acetonide Destabilizes VEGF mRNA in Müller Cells under Continuous Cobalt Stimulation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2005;46(11):4336-4341. doi: 10.1167/iovs.05-0565.
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purpose. To identify the molecular mechanism of steroid-induced downregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) synthesis in Müller cells.
methods. Confluent cultures of human Müller cells (MIO-M1) were treated with 100 μM CoCl2, 1 μg/mL triamcinolone acetonide (TA), or both. VEGF secretion was measured with respect to time by ELISA. VEGF mRNA quantity and stability were analyzed by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction. The activity of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 was measured by the relative binding of HIF-1 protein to the hypoxia response element (HRE), by gel shift and ELISA. The HIF-1α protein level was determined with Western blot.
results. TA decreased VEGF secretion by at least 50% in the presence of continuous cobalt stimulus. VEGF mRNA decreased 50- to 100-fold 6 hours after treatment with TA and cobalt compared with cobalt alone. VEGF mRNA stability was decreased in cobalt-stimulated, TA-treated cells compared with cobalt alone in cells synchronized by exposure to actinomycin D. HIF-1α protein level was sustained for the entire 24-hour treatment period and partitioned into nuclear, not cytosolic, fractions. HIF-1 activity was decreased by 20% to 30% in the presence of TA and cobalt compared with cobalt alone.
conclusions. TA may decrease VEGF synthesis by nongenomic destabilization of VEGF mRNA in cobalt-stimulated Müller cells. There was little effect on the total HIF-1α protein level, HIF-1 partitioning, and HIF-1 activity.
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