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Eduardo Dib, Mauricio Maia, Ieda Maria Longo-Maugeri, Maria Cristina Martins, Juliana Sekeres Mussalem, Carla Cristina Squaiella, Fernando M. Penha, Octaviano Magalhães, Eduardo B. Rodrigues, Michel Eid Farah; Subretinal Bevacizumab Detection after Intravitreous Injection in Rabbits. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(3):1097-1100. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1225.
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purpose. To evaluate subretinal detection of bevacizumab 2 hours after intravitreous injection of 1.25 mg in rabbit eyes.
methods. Anterior chamber paracentesis using a 30-gauge needle was performed in nine female Dutch-belted rabbits by removal of 0.05 mL of aqueous humor. Transscleral retinal detachment was performed with a modified 25-gauge infusion cannula connected to a bottle of physiologic saline solution (PSS). The animals were divided into experimental group 1, with intravitreous injection of 0.05 mL of (1.25 mg) with a 30-gauge needle (n = 6) and the control group 2, with intravitreous injection of 0.05 mL of PSS with a 30-gauge needle (n = 3). Two hours after the intravitreous bevacizumab or PSS injection, subretinal fluid was aspirated and immunoassayed to measure the level of bevacizumab. The rabbits were killed by intravenous pentobarbital injection. The eyes were enucleated and fixed in 10% formaldehyde. The pars plana site at which the transscleral cannula was introduced was analyzed by light microscopy, to exclude iatrogenic retinal tears. Eyes with accidental retinal tears were excluded.
results. Subretinal bevacizumab molecules were detected in the six eyes that received an intravitreous bevacizumab injection. No subretinal bevacizumab was detected in the control eyes. Light microscopy showed no evidence of retinal tears or holes in any rabbits used for the bevacizumab detection and control group.
conclusions. Bevacizumab molecules were detected in the subretinal space after intravitreous injection of 1.25 mg of bevacizumab, possibly as the result of diffusion through the retina in a rabbit model.
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