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Suk-Yee Li, Zhong-Jie Fu, Huan Ma, Wai-Chi Jang, Kwok-Fai So, David Wong, Amy C. Y. Lo; Effect of Lutein on Retinal Neurons and Oxidative Stress in a Model of Acute Retinal Ischemia/Reperfusion. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(2):836-843. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-2310.
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purpose. Retinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) occurs in many ocular diseases and leads to neuronal death. Lutein, a potent antioxidant, is used to prevent severe visual loss in patients with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but its effect on I/R insult is unclear. The objective of the present study is to investigate the neuroprotective effect of lutein on retinal neurons after acute I/R injury.
methods. Unilateral retinal I/R was induced by the blockade of internal carotid artery using intraluminal method in mice. Ischemia was maintained for 2 hours followed by 22 hours of reperfusion, during which either lutein or vehicle was administered. The number of viable retinal ganglion cells (RGC) was quantified. Apoptosis was investigated using TUNEL assay. Oxidative stress was elucidated using markers such as nitrotyrosine (NT) and poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR).
results. In vehicle-treated I/R retina, severe cell loss in ganglion cell layer, increased apoptosis as well as increased NT and nuclear PAR immunoreactivity were observed. In lutein-treated I/R retina, significantly less cell loss, decreased number of apoptotic cells, and decreased NT and nuclear PAR immunoreactivity were seen.
conclusions. The neuroprotective effect of lutein was associated with reduced oxidative stress. Lutein has been hitherto used principally for protection of outer retinal elements in AMD. Our study suggests that it may also be relevant for the protection of inner retina from acute ischemic damage.
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