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Béatrice Donvito, Dominique Monnet, Thierry Tabary, Emmanuelle Delair, Mélanie Vittier, Brigitte Réveil, Christophe Chiquet, Antoine P. Brézin, Jacques H. M. Cohen; A New HLA Extended Haplotype Containing the A*2910 Allele in Birdshot Retinochoroidopathy: Susceptibility Narrowed to the HLA Molecule Itself. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(5):2525-2528. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4329.
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Birdshot retinochoroidopathy (BSRC) is a rare posterior uveitis characterized by distinctive, multiple, hypopigmented choroidal and retinal lesions. Most, if not all, patients are white and share the major histocompatibility antigen HLA-A29. Furthermore, the A*2902 subtype is closely associated with BSRC, and only a very few patients share the A*2901 subtype. Surprisingly, although A*2901 and A*2902 differ only by a single mutation (D102H), studies of microsatellites located near HLA-A have shown that two strong A*2901 and A*2902 extended haplotypes are observed in patients and control subjects. The present study analyzes the HLA-A extended haplotype of two patients who were HLA-A*2910 carriers.
Among 180 patients who fulfilled internationally defined criteria for the diagnosis of BSRC and who were HLA-A29 subtyped, two patients were found to be HLA-A*2910 carriers. These patients were tested for the microsatellite alleles MOGa, -b, -c, and -e (of the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein [MOG] gene) and D6S265, D6S510, RF, C5_4_5, and D6S105.
Although A*2902 and A*2910 differed by only a single mutation, (E177K) a new A*2910 extended haplotype was found to be distinct from the A*2901 and A*2902 extended haplotypes previously described in patients and control subjects. Among all studied microsatellite markers, no allele was shared by these extended haplotypes.
These results suggest that susceptibility to BSRC is linked to the histocompatibility HLA-A29 molecule itself, although the development of the disease also involves inherited or probably acquired factors not linked to the major histocompatibility complex.
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