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Jon Permanyer, Rafael Navarro, James Friedman, Esther Pomares, Joaquín Castro-Navarro, Gemma Marfany, Anand Swaroop, Roser Gonzàlez-Duarte; Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa with Early Macular Affectation Caused by Premature Truncation in PROM1. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(5):2656-2663. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4857.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To identify the genetic basis of a large consanguineous Spanish pedigree affected with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) with premature macular atrophy and myopia.
After a high-throughput cosegregation gene chip was used to exclude all known RP and Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) candidates, genome-wide screening and linkage analysis were performed. Direct mutational screening identified the pathogenic mutation, and primers were designed to obtain the RT-PCR products for isoform characterization.
Mutational analysis detected a novel homozygous PROM1 mutation, c.869delG in exon 8 cosegregating with the disease. This variant causes a frameshift that introduces a premature stop codon, producing truncation of approximately two-thirds of the protein. Analysis of PROM1 expression in the lymphocytes of patients, carriers, and control subjects revealed an aberrant transcript that is degraded by the nonsense-mediated decay pathway, suggesting that the disease is caused by the absence of the PROM1 protein. Three (s2, s11 and s12) of the seven alternatively spliced isoforms reported in humans, accounted for 98% of the transcripts in the retina. Given that these three contained exon 8, no PROM1 isoform is expected in the affected retinas.
A remarkable clinical finding in the affected family is early macular atrophy with concentric spared areas. The authors propose that the hallmark of PROM1 truncating mutations is early and severe progressive degeneration of both rods and cones and highlight this gene as a candidate of choice to prioritize in the molecular genetic study of patients with noncanonical clinical peripheral and macular affectation.
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