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Youde Jiang, Jena J. Steinle; Systemic Propranolol Reduces b-Wave Amplitude in the ERG and Increases IGF-1 Receptor Phosphorylation in Rat Retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(5):2730-2735. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4779.
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To determine whether systemic application of propranolol, a nonselective β-adrenergic receptor antagonist, with an osmotic pump will decrease the b-wave amplitude of the electroretinogram (ERG) and increase insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 receptor signaling.
Young rats at 8 weeks of age were treated with saline, phentolamine, a nonselective α-adrenergic receptor antagonist, or propranolol, a nonselective β-adrenergic receptor antagonist, delivered by osmotic pumps for 21 days. On the 21st day, all rats underwent electroretinographic analyses followed by collection of the retinas for protein assessment using Western blot analysis for IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP3), IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), Akt, extracellular signal-related kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), and vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF).
Data indicate that 21 days of propranolol significantly decreased the b-wave amplitude of the ERG. The decrease in the b-wave amplitude occurred concurrently with a decrease in IGFBP3 levels and an increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of IGF-1 receptor on 1135/1136. This phosphorylation of IGF-1 receptor led to increased phosphorylation of Akt and ERK1/2. VEGF protein levels were also increased.
Overall, β-adrenergic receptor antagonism produced a dysfunctional ERG, which occurred with an increase in IGF-1R phosphorylation and activation of VEGF. Systemic application of β-adrenergic receptor antagonists may have detrimental effects on the retina.
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