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Shai Garty, Rika Shirakawa, Adelaide Warsen, Erin M. Anderson, Misty L. Noble, James D. Bryers, Buddy D. Ratner, Tueng. T. Shen; Sustained Antibiotic Release from an Intraocular Lens–Hydrogel Assembly for Cataract Surgery. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(9):6109-6116. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-6071.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To develop a simple, novel polymeric drug-delivery device for prevention of postoperative bacterial infection after cataract surgery in the developing world.
A poly(2-hydroxyethyl-methacrylate) (pHEMA) hydrogel was developed to achieve sustained release characteristics of antibiotics. The in vitro antibiotic release kinetics and efficacy of antibiotic function were tested using a silicone biofilm model. In vivo feasibility was investigated using a rabbit model. The control group of rabbits underwent standard cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implant and postoperative topical antibiotic and steroid. The experimental group received the polymeric device inserted with standard three-piece IOL at the time of surgery and received only topical steroids postoperatively. In vivo intraocular antibiotic levels and outcomes after cataract surgery were evaluated.
The in vitro studies demonstrate the antibiotic release kinetics can be controlled by optimization of the surface coating. The in vivo results showed sustained sufficient antibiotic concentration (above minimum inhibitory concentration for most common bacteria related to endophthalmitis) for >4 weeks. There was minimum toxicity observed in vivo. The device was effective in treating induced intraocular infection after cataract surgery.
The initial findings of the polymeric drug-delivery device demonstrate the feasibility delivering sufficient antibiotic in the anterior chamber for the immediate postoperative period in a rabbit model. The device is simple to produce and may help alleviate the potential postsurgical infections in the developing nations.
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