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Abhijith R Makki, Savitri Sharma, Aparna Duggirala, K. Prashanth, Prashant Garg, Taraprasad Das; Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CoNS) Other than Staphylococcus epidermidis Isolated from Ocular Infections. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(12):9018-9022. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-7777.
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The clinical significance of many species belonging to coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) other than Staphylococcus epidermidis has been increasingly recognized. The present study attempted the characterization of non–S. epidermidis CoNS isolates of ocular origin.
The isolates were characterized phenotypically by analytical profile index (API) and genotypically by fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP). In addition, the presence of genes that are likely to enhance virulence such as biofilm related genes (icaA and icaB) and methicillin resistance (mecA) were detected.
API identified seven different species with an identification score varying from 44% to 99%. S. haemolyticus and S. xylosus species identified by API showed good API scores when compared with all other species identified. FAFLP generated 12 clusters from all the isolates and appeared to be more discriminatory. API identification results corresponded well with the FAFLP results only in six clusters. Nearly 40% of isolates showed the presence of mecA and icaAB genes.
Identification results of these two methods corresponded only in 48.4% of the isolates suggesting that the battery of tests using API were not sufficient enough to identify all the species of CoNS. Therefore, it is sensible to rely on two or more identification methods particularly when API species identification has a lower score. FAFLP genotyping appears to be a reliable and rapid alternative identification method for CoNS that can be used in conjunction with any other phenotypic method.
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