Purchase this article with an account.
Min Zhao, Elodie Bousquet, Fatemeh Valamanesh, Nicolette Farman, Jean-Claude Jeanny, Frederic Jaisser, Francine F. Behar-Cohen; Differential Regulations of AQP4 and Kir4.1 by Triamcinolone Acetonide and Dexamethasone in the Healthy and Inflamed Retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(9):6340-6347. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-7675.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Glucocorticoids are used to treat macular edema, although the mechanisms underlying this effect remain largely unknown. The authors have evaluated in the normal and endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) rats, the effects of dexamethasone (dex) and triamcinolone acetonide (TA) on potassium channel Kir4.1 and aquaporin-4 (AQP4), the two main retinal Müller glial (RMG) channels controlling retinal fluid movement.
Clinical as well as relatively low doses of dex and TA were injected in the vitreous of normal rats to evaluate their influence on Kir4.1 and AQP4 expression 24 hours later. The dose-dependent effects of the two glucocorticoids were investigated using rat neuroretinal organotypic cultures. EIU was induced by footpad lipopolysaccharide injection, without or with 100 nM intraocular dex or TA. Glucocorticoid receptor and channel expression levels were measured by quantitative PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry.
The authors found that dex and TA exert distinct and specific channel regulations at 24 hours after intravitreous injection. Dex selectively upregulated Kir4.1 (not AQP4) in healthy and inflamed retinas, whereas TA induced AQP4 (not Kir4.1) downregulation in normal retina and upregulation in EIU. The lower concentration (100 nM) efficiently regulated the channels. Moreover, in EIU, an inflammatory condition, the glucocorticoid receptor was downregulated in the retina, which was prevented by intravitreous injections of the low concentration of dex or TA.
The results show that dex and TA are far from being equivalent to modulate RMG channels. Furthermore, the authors suggest that low doses of glucocorticoids may have antiedematous effects on the retina with reduced toxicity.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only