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Masaki Iwanami, Mio Oshikawa, Tomomi Nishida, Satoshi Nakadomari, Seishi Kato; High Prevalence of Mutations in the EYS Gene in Japanese Patients with Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(2):1033-1040. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-9048.
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To screen for disease-causing mutations in the Eyes shut homolog (EYS) gene in Japanese patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP).
Blood samples were obtained from 68 RP patients and 68 controls. Genomic DNA was extracted from the blood samples and used for screening of mutations in the coding exons by direct sequencing. Each patient underwent a detailed clinical examination.
Nine nucleotide sequence variations causing amino acid changes were observed in homozygous or heterozygous alleles in 26 patients but not in 68 controls. Seven truncating mutations were found in 21 (32.8%) of 64 patients with nonsyndromic RP composed of 23 autosomal recessive RP (arRP) and 41 sporadic cases. The most abundant mutation was p.S1653Kfs*2, which was generated by a single adenine insertion into exon 26 (c.4957dupA) and was carried by 15 patients. The mutation p.Y2935*, produced by a single nucleotide substitution (c.8805C>A) in the last exon, was carried by five patients. These two truncating mutations were probably founder mutations because each was carried by the particular haplotype. The patients with homozygous or compound heterozygous truncating mutations showed a severe decline in visual acuity, whereas those with a single truncating mutation showed a mild decline.
One-third of Japanese patients with nonsyndromic arRP carried probable pathogenic mutations in the EYS gene, including two founder mutations. Because the genotype was correlated with the phenotype, genotyping in the EYS gene could be a valuable tool for predicting long-term prognoses of Japanese patients with arRP and thus could be useful for genetic counseling and future gene therapy.
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