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Dilraj S. Grewal, Mitra Sehi, Richard J. Cook, David S. Greenfield, Advanced Imaging in Glaucoma Study Group; The Impact of Retardance Pattern Variability on Nerve Fiber Layer Measurements over Time Using GDx with Variable and Enhanced Corneal Compensation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(7):4516-4524. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5969.
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To examine the impact of retardance pattern variability on retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurements over time using scanning laser polarimetry with variable (GDxVCC) and enhanced corneal compensation (GDxECC; both by Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, CA).
Glaucoma suspect and glaucomatous eyes with 4 years of follow-up participating in the Advanced Imaging in Glaucoma Study were prospectively enrolled. All eyes underwent standard automated perimetry (SAP), GDxVCC, and GDxECC imaging every 6 months. SAP progression was determined with point-wise linear regression analysis of SAP sensitivity values. Typical scan score (TSS) values were extracted as a measure of retardance image quality; an atypical retardation pattern (ARP) was defined as TSS < 80. TSS fluctuation over time was measured using three parameters: change in TSS from baseline, absolute difference (maximum minus minimum TSS value), and TSS variance. Linear mixed-effects models that accommodated the association between the two eyes were constructed to evaluate the relationship between change in TSS and RNFL thickness over time.
Eighty-six eyes (51 suspected glaucoma, 35 glaucomatous) of 45 patients were enrolled. Twenty (23.3%) eyes demonstrated SAP progression. There was significantly greater fluctuation in TSS over time with GDxVCC compared with GDxECC as measured by absolute difference (18.40 ± 15.35 units vs. 2.50 ± 4.69 units; P < 0.001), TSS variance (59.63 ± 87.27 units vs. 3.82 ± 9.63 units, P < 0.001), and change in TSS from baseline (−0.83 ± 11.2 vs. 0.25 ± 2.9, P = 0.01). The change in TSS over time significantly (P = 0.006) influenced the TSNIT average RNFL thickness when measured by GDxVCC but not by GDxECC.
Longitudinal images obtained with GDxECC have significantly less variability in TSS and retardance patterns and have reduced bias produced by ARP on RNFL progression assessment.
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