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Monika Valtink, Nicole Stanke, Lilla Knels, Katrin Engelmann, Richard H. W. Funk, Dirk Lindemann; Pseudotyping and Culture Conditions Affect Efficiency and Cytotoxicity of Retroviral Gene Transfer to Human Corneal Endothelial Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(9):6807-6813. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-7710.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate retroviral vectors as a tool to transduce normal human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs) and to optimize transduction to increase gene transfer efficiency.
Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) encoding retroviral vectors based on HIV-1 or murine leukemia virus (MLV), pseudotyped with either vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (VSV-G) or a modified foamy virus envelope protein (FV Env), and prototype foamy virus (PFV) were produced. Transduction was performed in four HCEC culture media that were previously described for specific cultivation of HCECs or organ culture of donor corneas, namely enriched HCEC growth medium F99HCEC, its unsupplemented basal medium F99, MEM + 2% fetal calf serum (FCS) (MEM), and Human Endothelial-SFM (SFM). Transduction efficiency was evaluated by marker gene transfer assay, and cytotoxic effects of virus infection were evaluated by means of resazurin conversion assay.
PFV- and HIV-1–based vectors showed superior transduction efficiency compared with MLV-based vectors. Pseudotyping with a modified FV Env increased transduction efficiency compared with pseudotyping with VSV-G. In medium SFM, transduction efficiency of PFV, HIV-1–/FV Env, and MLV-based vectors was markedly reduced compared with the other culture media. When cells were cultured in F99-based media, cell viability was reduced by retroviral transduction compared with uninfected or mock infected controls, but remained unaffected when cells were cultured in SFM and was even increased when cells were cultured in MEM.
HIV-1–based vectors pseudotyped with FV Env can efficiently be used to transduce primary HCECs in vitro. However, transduction efficiency is dependent on culture conditions and impairs metabolic activity and viability of HCECs in vitro.
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