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Jingjing Xu, Jinhua Bao, Jun Deng, Fan Lu, Ji C. He; Dynamic Changes in Ocular Zernike Aberrations and Tear Menisci Measured with a Wavefront Sensor and an Anterior Segment OCT. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(8):6050-6056. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-7102.
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To measure dynamic change characteristics of spatial and temporal variations in the post-blink tear film of normal eyes.
A wavefront sensor was used to measure dynamic changes in wavefront aberrations, up to the seventh order, for 10 seconds in a group of 33 normal young adults. Tear menisci were imaged with an anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) system and tear film break-up times (TFBUTs) were determined.
Systematic changes in main axis astigmatism (R 2 = 0.933, P < 0.0001), vertical coma (R 2 = 0.935, P < 0.0001) and spherical aberrations (R 2 = 0.879, P = 0.0002) occurred during the 10-second post-blink period. Both lower tear meniscus height and area increased by 10 seconds compared with the initial levels (P < 0.0001 for each). The change of vertical coma had significant correlation with the increase of lower tear meniscus areas during the 10-second post-blink period (R 2 = 0.181, P = 0.014). Subjects with TFBUTs < 15 seconds had significantly increased main axis astigmatism, vertical coma, and spherical aberrations by 10 seconds. Subjects with longer TFBUTs did not have any significant wavefront aberrations during that period.
Systematic changes in some Zernike aberrations after blinking are associated with the changes in tear menisci and TFBUT. There was a substantial individual variation in dynamic changes of Zernike aberrations, suggesting the necessity to explore individual differences in tear quality and tear performance. Dynamic wavefront measurement combined with anterior segment optical coherence tomography could provide a useful tool to understand spatial and temporal processes of the tear film in clinical practice.
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