Purchase this article with an account.
Yi Yu, Robyn Reynolds, Bernard Rosner, Mark J. Daly, Johanna M. Seddon; Prospective Assessment of Genetic Effects on Progression to Different Stages of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Using Multistate Markov Models. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(3):1548-1556. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8657.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Understanding the effect of genes on progression to different stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) may suggest stage-specific therapeutic targets and more precise prediction of the development of this disease.
Progression events and time to each stage of AMD were derived from the longitudinal data of 2560 subjects without advanced AMD. SNPs in 12 AMD risk loci were genotyped. A multistate Markov model for progression from normal to intermediate drusen, then to large drusen, and eventually to neovascular disease (NV) or geographic atrophy (GA) was applied to estimate stage-specific hazard ratios for each SNP. The effects of these genetic factors were also estimated by a multivariate multistate Markov model adjusted for baseline age, sex, smoking, body mass index (BMI), education, antioxidant treatment, and the status of AMD in the fellow eye.
Controlling for demographic and behavioral factors and other SNPs, the TT genotype of rs10468017 in LIPC was associated with decreased risk of progression from large drusen to NV (HR = 0.57, P = 0.04) and tended to reduce the risk of progression from normal to intermediate drusen (HR = 0.72, P = 0.07). The SNP rs1883025 (T allele) in ABCA1 was associated with decreased risk of progression from normal to intermediate drusen (HR per allele = 0.82 per allele, P = 9.7 × 10−3) and from intermediate drusen to large drusen (HR per allele = 0.77, P = 5.2 × 10−3). The genes CFH, C3, CFB, and ARMS2/HTRA1 were associated with progression from intermediate drusen to large drusen and from large drusen to GA or NV.
Genes in different pathways influence progression to different stages of AMD.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only