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Peiyang Shen, Xiaohu Ding, Yingfeng Zheng, Nathan G. Congdon, Mingguang He; Contribution of Genetic and Environmental Effects on Lens Thickness: The Guangzhou Twin Eye Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(4):1758-1763. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-9318.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
This study investigated the heritability of lens thickness (LT) and relative lens thickness (LT/axial length, rLT) measured by Lenstar among Chinese children and adolescents in the Guangzhou Twin Eye study.
Twins aged 8 to 22 years were enrolled from the Guangzhou Twin Registry. A series of LT and axial length (AL) measurements using the Lenstar were taken for each twin. Zygosity was confirmed by genotyping in all same-sex twin pairs. Heritability was assessed by structural variance component genetic modeling, after adjustment for age and sex with the Mx program.
Seven hundred sixty-eight twin pairs (482 monozygotic [MZ] and 286 dizygotic [DZ] twins) were available for data analysis. The mean (standard deviation) LT and rLT were 3.45 (0.18) mm and 0.142 (0.01), respectively. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for LT were 0.90 for the MZ and 0.39 for the DZ twins; and those for rLT were 0.90 for the MZ and 0.40 for the DZ twins, respectively. The best-fitting model yielded 89.5% (95% CI: 87.8%–91.0%) of additive genetic effects and 10.5% (95% CI: 9.0%–12.2%) of unique environmental effects for LT, and 89.3% (95% CI: 89.2%–89.3%) of additive genetic effects and 10.7% (95% CI: 10.7%–11.4%) of unique environmental effects for rLT.
This study confirms that the LT in young healthy subjects may be mainly affected by additive genetic factors. High heritability remains even when the data are corrected for the influence of AL with the use of rLT.
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