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Nicoleta Dobri, Qiong Qin, Jian Kong, Kazunori Yamamoto, Zhao Liu, Gennadiy Moiseyev, Jian-xing Ma, Rando Allikmets, Janet R. Sparrow, Konstantin Petrukhin; A1120, a Nonretinoid RBP4 Antagonist, Inhibits Formation of Cytotoxic Bisretinoids in the Animal Model of Enhanced Retinal Lipofuscinogenesis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(1):85-95. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.12-10050.
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Excessive accumulation of lipofuscin is associated with pathogenesis of atrophic age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and Stargardt disease. Pharmacologic inhibition of the retinol-induced interaction of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) with transthyretin (TTR) in the serum may decrease the uptake of serum retinol to the retina and reduce formation of lipofuscin bisretinoids. We evaluated in vitro and in vivo properties of the new nonretinoid RBP4 antagonist, A1120.
RBP4 binding potency, ability to antagonize RBP4-TTR interaction, and compound specificity were analyzed for A1120 and for the prototypic RBP4 antagonist fenretinide. A1120 ability to inhibit RPE65-mediated isomerohydrolase activity was assessed in the RPE microsomes. The in vivo effect of A1120 administration on serum RBP4, visual cycle retinoids, lipofuscin bisretinoids, and retinal visual function was evaluated using a combination of biochemical and electrophysiologic techniques.
In comparison to fenretinide, A1120 did not act as a RARα agonist, while exhibiting superior in vitro potency in RBP4 binding and RBP4-TTR interaction assays. A1120 did not inhibit isomerohydrolase activity in the RPE microsomes. A1120 dosing in mice induced 75% reduction in serum RBP4, which correlated with reduction in visual cycle retinoids and ocular levels of lipofuscin fluorophores. A1120 dosing did not induce changes in kinetics of dark adaptation.
A1120 significantly reduces accumulation of lipofuscin bisretinoids in the Abca4 −/− animal model. This activity correlates with reduction in serum RBP4 and visual cycle retinoids confirming the mechanism of action for A1120. In contrast to fenretinide, A1120 does not act as a RARα agonist indicating a more favorable safety profile for this nonretinoid compound.
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