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Worapoj Jinda, Todd D. Taylor, Yutaka Suzuki, Wanna Thongnoppakhun, Chanin Limwongse, Patcharee Lertrit, Prapat Suriyaphol, Adisak Trinavarat, La-ongsri Atchaneeyasakul; Whole Exome Sequencing in Thai Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa Reveals Novel Mutations in Six Genes. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(4):2259-2268. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-13567.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To identify disease-causing mutations and describe genotype–phenotype correlations in Thai patients with nonsyndromic retinitis pigmentosa (RP).
Whole exome sequencing was performed in 20 unrelated patients. Eighty-six genes associated with RP, Leber congenital amaurosis, and cone-rod dystrophy were analyzed for variant detection.
Seventeen variants (13 novel and 4 known) in 13 genes were identified in 11 patients. These variants include 10 missense substitutions, 2 nonsense mutations, 3 deletions, 1 insertion, and 1 splice site change. Nine patients with identified inheritance patterns carried a total of 10 potentially pathogenic mutations located in genes CRB1, C8orf37, EYS, PROM1, RP2, and USH2A. Three of the nine patients also demonstrated additional heterozygous variants in genes ABCA4, GUCY2D, RD3, ROM1, and TULP1. In addition, two patients carried variants of uncertain significance in genes FSCN2 and NR2E3. The RP phenotypes of our patients were consistent with previous reports.
This is the first report of mutations in Thai RP patients. These findings are useful for genotype–phenotype comparisons among different ethnic groups.
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