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N A Rao, L Atalla, M Linker-Israeli, F Y Chen, F W George, W J Martin, L Steinman; Suppression of experimental uveitis in rats by anti-I-A antibodies.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1989;30(11):2348-2355.
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I-region-associated (Ia) class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) products are known to play a major role in autoimmunity. Effects of anti-I-A and anti-I-E monoclonal antibodies on development of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) were investigated in Lewis rats. Prior to sensitization with S-antigen, seven groups of rats, six in each group, were injected intraperitoneally with one of the following agents. Groups 1, 2, and 3 (controls) received saline, RPMI and mouse immunoglobulin G (IgG), respectively. Groups 4 and 5 were injected with anti-I-E antibodies, 80 micrograms and 1000 micrograms, respectively. Similarly, groups 6 and 7 received anti-I-A, 100 micrograms and 750 micrograms, respectively. The treatments were repeated on days 1, 2, 5, 8, and 11 after S-antigen injection. All these animals were killed on day 18. In addition, two groups of rats sensitized with S-antigen were treated with 750 micrograms anti-I-A antibodies on days 5, 6, and 7 (group 8) and on days 7, 8 and 9 (group 9). An additional group (group 10) of Lewis rats was treated with 750 micrograms anti-I-A 1 day prior to and on days 1 and 2 after S-antigen injection. These group-10 animals were killed on day 31. Histopathologically, the enucleated globes of animals treated with high dose anti-I-A revealed marked suppression or inhibition of uveitis development. Such inhibition was virtually complete when the antibody was administered within a week of S-antigen injection, and the inhibitory effect lasted for at least 31 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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