Purchase this article with an account.
Ashley Behrens, Erlinda M. Gordon, Li Li, Peng X. Liu, Zhenhai Chen, Hongjun Peng, Laurie La Bree, W. French Anderson, Frederick L. Hall, Peter J. McDonnell; Retroviral Gene Therapy Vectors for Prevention of Excimer Laser-Induced Corneal Haze. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(4):968-977.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. To determine the in vivo efficacy and safety of a retroviral vector bearing an antiproliferative dominant negative mutant cyclin G1 (dnG1) construct, when used for the prevention of corneal haze after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK).
methods. For in vivo efficacy studies, a 6-mm-diameter, 150-μm-deep transepithelial PTK, performed with a clinical 193-nm ArF excimer laser (VISX Star2, Santa Clara, CA) was performed on the left eyes of 20 adult New Zealand White rabbits. The surgically altered eyes were subsequently treated with eye drops containing: a retroviral vector bearing a dnG1 construct (dnG1; n = 7), a control retroviral vector (null vector) bearing only the neomycin resistance, neo r, gene (n = 7), or a retroviral vector bearing an antisense cyclin G1 (aG1) construct (n = 6). The time of closure of the corneal epithelial defect was monitored daily with fluorescein staining. Corneal haze was evaluated before surgery and at 2, 3, and 4 weeks after surgery, with a digital imaging system. Biodistribution studies for detection of potential vector dissemination to nontarget organs were conducted by PCR-based assay.
results. The re-epithelialization rate was similar among treatment groups, with complete closure of the corneal epithelial defect at 72 hours (P > 0.05). Significant corneal haze developed in the null and aG1 vector-treated groups (P ≤ 0.05) at 3 to 4 weeks after PTK. In contrast, development of corneal haze was inhibited in the dnG1 vector-treated group when compared with the null vector-treated group (P < 0.05). In parallel, a dramatic reduction to complete abrogation of abnormal extracellular matrix production was noted in the dnG1 vector-treated corneas when compared with the null and aG1 vector-treated groups. Biodistribution studies showed no evidence of vector dissemination in neighboring and distant organs.
conclusions. At therapeutic doses, eye drop application of the dnG1 retroviral vector is safe and effective in inhibiting development of corneal haze after PTK in rabbits.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only