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Anthony G. Robson, Ahmed El-Amir, Claire Bailey, Catherine A. Egan, Frederick W. Fitzke, Andrew R. Webster, Alan C. Bird, Graham E. Holder; Pattern ERG Correlates of Abnormal Fundus Autofluorescence in Patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa and Normal Visual Acuity. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(8):3544-3550. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.02-1278.
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purpose. To examine the functional significance of central abnormalities present in fundus autofluorescence (AF) images in patients with rod–cone dystrophy and good visual acuity.
methods. Thirty patients were selected according to three criteria: a clinical diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) confirmed with International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV) standard ERGs, a parafoveal ring of increased high density on fundus AF imaging, and a visual acuity of 20/30 or better. Macular function was assessed with pattern electroretinography (PERG) to checkerboard stimuli of different field sizes. Fundus AF imaging was performed with a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope.
results. The radius of the parafoveal ring of high density varied between 1.5° and 9°. The PERG P50 amplitude correlated highly with the radius of the ring of increased autofluorescence (r = 0.80, P < 0.0005, n = 30). PERGs to smaller circular field sizes were present, but increasing field size to beyond that of the high-density autofluorescence ring did not produce further increases in P50 amplitude. There was a high correlation between the minimum stimulus size required to elicit a maximum-amplitude PERG and the radius of the ring (r = 0.87).
conclusions. The high correlation between AF imaging and PERG, an established technique in the assessment of central retinal function, demonstrates the likelihood that autofluorescence abnormalities have functional significance and may therefore be a valuable additional parameter in the monitoring of these patients.
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