August 1967
Volume 6, Issue 4
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Articles  |   August 1967
Further Studies on the Influence of the Intraocular Pressure on Aqueous Humor Dynamics in Cynomolgus Monkeys
Author Affiliations
  • ANDERS BILL
    Department of Pharmacology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science August 1967, Vol.6, 364-372. doi:
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      ANDERS BILL; Further Studies on the Influence of the Intraocular Pressure on Aqueous Humor Dynamics in Cynomolgus Monkeys. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1967;6(4):364-372.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

13lI-albumin was used to determine the rate of bulk outflow from the anterior chamber in one eye and 125I-albumin was used in the other. In 16 eyes at a spontaneous intraocular pressure of 8.0 ± 0.7 mm. Hg, uveoscleral fiow was 0.63 ± 0.08 µL per minute and flow by fast, vascular routes was 0.53 ± 0.07 µL per minute. When the intraocular pressure was lowered to 2 or 4 mm. Hg by letting aqueous flow into a reservoir, drainage of anterior chamber fluid into the blood by way of fast routes stopped almost completely. At 2 mm. Hgthe bulk flow into the uveoscleral routes was reduced by an average of 63 per cent, but at 4 mm. Hg uveoscleral flow was normal in 4 of 5 eyes. Adjusting the intraocular pressure from the spontaneous level to 35 mm. Hg by inflow from a reservoir gave an average outflow into the general circulation that was 12.0 - 2.3 µL per minute higher than in the control eyes. Uveoscleral flo was not raised significantly. Pseudofacility was 0.055 ± 0.013 µL per minute per millimeter Hg. In dead eyes uveoscleral flow appeared to be pressure sensitive in a wider pressure range than in living eyes. It is concluded that in cynomolgus monkeys aqueous humor passes out throughthe conventional vascular routes into the episcleral veins and passes out through uveoscleral routes that drain its high molecular components into the suprachoroid and the episcleral tissues. However, pinocytosis, in the uveal blood vessels, plays little role for bulk drainage of aqueous humor. In living cynomolgus eyes, within the range 8 to 35 mm. Hg, the intraocular pressure (IOP) is determined by the recipient venous pressure (Pv), the net rate of aqueous humor formation(Fn), the rate of aqueous outflow by uveoscleral routes (Fu), and the gross facility ofoutflow Cg according to IOP = Pv + (Fn - Fu)/(Cg - 0.06).

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