August 1962
Volume 1, Issue 4
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Articles  |   August 1962
A Consideration of the Horopter
Author Affiliations
  • KENNETH N. OGLE
    Section of Biophysics, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation , Rochester, Minn.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science August 1962, Vol.1, 446-461. doi:
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      KENNETH N. OGLE; A Consideration of the Horopter . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1962;1(4):446-461.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

This discussion deals with the importance of the horopter as a functional concept associated with stereoscopic depth perception and the visual factors upon which it rests; the impossibility of defining strictly the ideal horopter because of vertical disparities; the experiments which prove that vertical disparities play no role in stereopsis; the concept of the longitudinal horopter as determined only by longitudinal sections of the retinas; the role of cyclofusional movements of the eyes in determining the shape of the horopter surface; the difficidties of determining the longitudinal horopter by experiment; the fact that we must rest with only a partial solution to the experimental problem; and, finally, the importance of the longitudinal horopter in egocentric spatial orientation and the probable stability of corresponding retinal points.

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