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Shigeta Arichika, Akihito Uji, Tomoaki Murakami, Noriyuki Unoki, Shin Yoshitake, Yoko Dodo, Sotaro Ooto, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Nagahisa Yoshimura; Retinal Hemorheologic Characterization of Early-Stage Diabetic Retinopathy Using Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(12):8513-8522. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15121.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AO-SLO) is a noninvasive technique that allows for the direct monitoring of erythrocyte aggregates in retinal capillaries. We analyzed the retinal hemorheologic characteristics in normal subjects, diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (NDR), and diabetic patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), using spatiotemporal (ST) blood flow images to visualize blood corpuscle trajectory.
AO-SLO images of the parafoveal capillary network were acquired for three groups: 20 healthy volunteers, 17 diabetic patients with NDR (8 type 1 and 9 type 2 patients), and 10 diabetic patients with NPDR (4 type 1 and 6 type 2). The erythrocyte aggregate velocity assigned to a relative cardiac cycle and the elongation rate of the erythrocyte aggregate were calculated.
Careful observation revealed that flow velocity fluctuations were found with higher frequency in diabetic patients than in normal subjects. The total average velocities were 1.26 ± 0.22 mm/s in the normal group, 1.31 ± 0.21 mm/s in the NDR group, and 1.63 ± 0.35 mm/s in the NPDR group. The average velocities of the NPDR group were higher than those in the normal (P = 0.001) and NDR (P = 0.009) groups. The average elongation rates of the 3 groups were 0.67 ± 0.20, 0.39 ± 0.19, and 0.33 ± 0.11, respectively. Elongation rate differed significantly between the normal and NDR (P = 0.003) groups as well as the normal and NPDR (P = 0.001) groups.
AO-SLO can be used to detect retinal hemorheologic changes in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy.
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