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Vishva M. Danthurebandara, Glen P. Sharpe, Donna M. Hutchison, Jonathan Denniss, Marcelo T. Nicolela, Allison M. McKendrick, Andrew Turpin, Balwantray C. Chauhan; Enhanced Structure–Function Relationship in Glaucoma With an Anatomically and Geometrically Accurate Neuroretinal Rim Measurement. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(1):98-105. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-15375.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate the structure–function relationship between disc margin–based rim area (DM-RA) obtained with confocal scanning laser tomography (CSLT), Bruch's membrane opening–based horizontal rim width (BMO-HRW), minimum rim width (BMO-MRW), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) obtained with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and visual field sensitivity.
We examined 151 glaucoma patients with CSLT, SD-OCT, and standard automated perimetry on the same day. Optic nerve head (ONH) and RNFL with SD-OCT were acquired relative to a fixed coordinate system (acquired image frame [AIF]) and to the eye-specific fovea-BMO center (FoBMO) axis. Visual field locations were mapped to ONH and RNFL sectors with fixed Garway-Heath (VFGH) and patient-specific (VFPS) maps customized for various biometric parameters.
Globally and sectorally, the structure–function relationships between DM-RA and VFGH, BMO-HRWAIF and VFGH, and BMO-HRWFoBMO and VFPS were equally weak. The R2 for the relationship between DM-RA and VFGH ranged from 0.1% (inferonasal) to 11% (superotemporal) whereas that between BMO-HRWAIF and VFGH ranged from 0.1% (nasal) to 10% (superotemporal). Relatively stronger global and sectoral structure–function relationships with BMO-MRWAIF and with BMO-MRWFoBMO were obtained. The R2 between BMO-MRWAIF and VFGH ranged from 5% (nasal) to 30% (superotemporal), whereas that between BMO-MRWFoBMO and VFPS ranged from 5% (nasal) to 25% (inferotemporal). The structure–function relationship with RNFLT was not significantly different from that with BMO-MRW, regardless of image acquisition method.
The structure–function relationship was enhanced with BMO-MRW compared with the other neuroretinal rim measurements, due mainly to its geometrically accurate properties.
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