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Miner Yuan, Yu Yang, Shanshan Yu, Andina Hu, Lin Lu, Jin Ma, Xiaoyan Ding, Jiaqing Li; Posterior Pole Retinal Abnormalities in Mild Asymptomatic FEVR. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(1):458-463. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-15821.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To describe the posterior retinal abnormalities in asymptomatic mild familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) individuals who are normal in conventional clinical examination.
Thirty-eight asymptomatic mild FEVR individuals (38 eyes) and 38 controls (38 eyes) were included in this cross-sectional study. The posterior retinas in each individual appeared normal. The diagnosis of FEVR was made based on a positive FEVR family history and the presence of retinal peripheral avascular zone with other vessel abnormalities. Biometric data from fundus photographs and fluorescein fundus angiography of all subjects were studied. The diameter of the optic disc (DD), the disc-to-macula distance (DM), the ratio of DM/DD, and numbers of retinal vessels radiated from the optic disc were measured.
Significant anatomic differences were identified in the eyes of patients with asymptomatic FEVR compared with those of the control subjects. In individuals with stage I or II FEVR, DD was smaller (1605.34 ± 250.60 vs. 1733.39 ± 163.79 μm), DM was larger (5434.08 ± 824.82 vs. 4696.29 ± 257.34 μm), and DM/DD was higher (3.49 ± 0.93 vs. 2.73 ± 0.28) than those of the controls. Peripapillary retinal vessels were increased significantly in FEVR compared with the controls (24.53 ± 3.10 vs. 21.39 ± 2.65).
Asymptomatic individuals with stage I or II FEVR had several abnormalities in the posterior pole noted with more retinal vessels, a significantly larger disc-to-macula distance as well as a remarkably smaller optic disc with a decreased horizontal diameter. These findings will facilitate the early diagnosis of FEVR and are important for adequate genetic counseling as well as the prevention and treatment of this disease.
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