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Joyce Liebrand-Schurink, Ralf F. A. Cox, Ger H. M. B. van Rens, Antonius H. N. Cillessen, Ruud G. J. Meulenbroek, F. Nienke Boonstra; Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome Is Associated With Inefficiency of Goal-Directed Hand Movements. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(1):552-562. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-15265.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The effect of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) on the efficiency of goal-directed hand movements was examined.
We recruited 37 children with INS and 65 control subjects with normal vision, aged 4 to 8 years. Participants performed horizontally-oriented, goal-directed cylinder displacements as if they displaced a low-vision aid. The first 10 movements of 20 back-and-forth displacements in a trial were performed between two visually presented target areas, and the second 10 between remembered target locations (not visible). Motor performance was examined in terms of movement time, endpoint accuracy, and a harmonicity index reflecting energetic efficiency.
Compared to the control group, the children with INS performed the cylinder displacements more slowly (using more time), less accurately (specifically in small-amplitude movements), and with less harmonic acceleration profiles. Their poor visual acuity proved to correlate with slower and less accurate movements, but did not correlate with harmonicity. When moving between remembered target locations, the performance of children with INS was less accurate than that of the children with normal vision. In both groups, movement speed and harmonicity increased with age to a similar extent.
Collectively, the findings suggest that, in addition to the visuospatial homing-in problems associated with the syndrome, INS is associated with inefficiency of goal-directed hand movements. ( http://www.trialregister.nl number, NTR2380.)
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