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Jonathan Mamou, Christianne A. Wa, Kenneth M. P. Yee, Ronald H. Silverman, Jeffrey A. Ketterling, Alfredo A. Sadun, J. Sebag; Ultrasound-Based Quantification of Vitreous Floaters Correlates with Contrast Sensitivity and Quality of Life. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(3):1611-1617. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-15414.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Clinical evaluation of floaters lacks quantitative assessment of vitreous structure. This study used quantitative ultrasound (QUS) to measure vitreous opacities. Since floaters reduce contrast sensitivity (CS) and quality of life (Visual Function Questionnaire [VFQ]), it is hypothesized that QUS will correlate with CS and VFQ in patients with floaters.
Twenty-two eyes (22 subjects; age = 57 ± 19 years) with floaters were evaluated with Freiburg acuity contrast testing (FrACT; %Weber) and VFQ. Ultrasonography used a customized probe (15-MHz center frequency, 20-mm focal length, 7-mm aperture) with longitudinal and transverse scans taken in primary gaze and a horizontal longitudinal scan through premacular vitreous in temporal gaze. Each scan set had 100 frames of log-compressed envelope data. Within each frame, two regions of interest (ROIs) were analyzed (whole-central and posterior vitreous) to yield three parameters (energy, E; mean amplitude, M; and percentage of vitreous filled by echodensities, P50) averaged over the entire 100-frame dataset. Statistical analyses evaluated E, M, and P50 correlations with CS and VFQ.
Contrast sensitivity ranged from 1.19%W (normal) to 5.59%W. All QUS parameters in two scan positions within the whole-central ROI correlated with CS (R > 0.67, P < 0.001). P50 in the nasal longitudinal position had R = 0.867 (P < 0.001). Correlations with VFQ ranged from R = 0.52 (P < 0.013) to R = 0.65 (P < 0.001).
Quantitative ultrasound provides quantitative measures of vitreous echodensity that correlate with CS and VFQ, providing objective assessment of vitreous structure underlying the functional disturbances induced by floaters, useful to quantify vitreous disease severity and the response to therapy.
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