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Jiawu Zhao, Mei Chen, Heping Xu; Experimental Autoimmune Uveoretinitis (EAU)-Related Tissue Damage and Angiogenesis Is Reduced in CCL2−/−CX3CR1gfp/gfp Mice. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(11):7572-7582. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15495.
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To investigate the roles of the CCL2-CCR2 and CX3CL1-CX3CR1 pathways in experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU)-mediated retinal tissue damage and angiogenesis.
The C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) and CCL2−/−CX3CR1gfp/gfp (double knockout [DKO]) mice were immunized with IRBP1-20. Retinal inflammation and tissue damage were evaluated clinically and histologically at different days postimmunization (p.i.). Retinal neovascular membranes were evaluated by confocal microscopy of retinal flat mounts, and immune cell infiltration by flow cytometry.
At day 25 p.i., DKO mice had lower clinical and histological scores and fewer CD45highCD11b+ infiltrating cells compared with WT mice. The F4/80+ macrophages constitute 40% and 21% and CD11b+Gr-1+Ly6G+ neutrophils constitute 10% and 22% of retinal infiltrating cells in WT and DKO mice, respectively. At the late stages of EAU (day 60–90 p.i.), DKO and WT mice had similar levels of inflammatory score. However, less structural damage and reduced angiogenesis were detected in DKO mice. Neutrophils were rarely detected in the inflamed retina in both WT and DKO mice. Macrophages and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) accounted for 8% and 3% in DKO EAU retina, and 19% and 10% in WT EAU retina; 71% of infiltrating cells were T/B-lymphocytes in DKO EAU retina and 50% in WT EAU retina.
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis–mediated retinal tissue damage and angiogenesis is reduced in CCL2−/−CX3CR1gfp/gfp mice. Retinal inflammation is dominated by neutrophils at the acute stage and lymphocytes at the chronic stage in these mice. Our results suggest that CCR2+ and CX3CR1+ monocytes are both involved in tissue damage and angiogenesis in EAU.
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