April 2014
Volume 55, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2014
Etiologic Features of Uveitis in an University Center in Argentina
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Mariana Ingolotti
    Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Argentina
  • Bernardo Ariel Schlaen
    Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Argentina
  • Matias Iglicki
    Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Argentina
  • Mario J Saravia
    Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Argentina
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2014, Vol.55, 105. doi:
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      Mariana Ingolotti, Bernardo Ariel Schlaen, Matias Iglicki, Mario J Saravia; Etiologic Features of Uveitis in an University Center in Argentina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):105.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: To describe the characteristics and frequency distribution of the etiologies in patients with uveitis in an Universitary Center in Argentina

Methods: A cross-sectional study between June 2009 and December 2013 was performed. Patients with diagnosis of any type of uveitis were included. Endogenous and post surgical endophthalmitis were excluded.

Results: A total of 398 patients were seen in the Uveitis Section with a probable uveitis diagnosis. Three hundred and forty - five with uveitis diagnosis were recruited for this study (183 female and 162 male). Median age of presentation was 42 years (3-83). Around 61% were unilateral and 39% had a bilateral compromise; 42% were infectious (146) and 58% were non-infectious (199); 19 % (64) had ocular hypertension. The anatomic distribution was 146 anterior uveitis (42%), 20 intermediate uveitis (6%), 120 posterior uveitis (35%) and 59 cases of panuveitis (17%). The most prevalent etiologies among anterior uveitis were Herpes (25%), Idiopathic (23%), HLA B27 associated uveitis (20%) and Fuchs iridocyclitis (16%). Toxoplasmosis was found the most common cause of posterior uveitis (50%) and Vogt Koyanagi Harada (60%) of panuveitis. A total of 10 cases of masquerade syndrome were identified, 70% (7) presented as posterior uveitis and 30% (3) as panuveitis

Conclusions: This study showed even though the etiologies for anterior and posterior uveitis are similar to previous reported date of other countries, VKH must be suspected in a case of panuveitis.

Keywords: 745 uvea • 557 inflammation  
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