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Mariana Ingolotti, Bernardo Ariel Schlaen, Matias Iglicki, Mario J Saravia; Etiologic Features of Uveitis in an University Center in Argentina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):105.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To describe the characteristics and frequency distribution of the etiologies in patients with uveitis in an Universitary Center in Argentina
A cross-sectional study between June 2009 and December 2013 was performed. Patients with diagnosis of any type of uveitis were included. Endogenous and post surgical endophthalmitis were excluded.
A total of 398 patients were seen in the Uveitis Section with a probable uveitis diagnosis. Three hundred and forty - five with uveitis diagnosis were recruited for this study (183 female and 162 male). Median age of presentation was 42 years (3-83). Around 61% were unilateral and 39% had a bilateral compromise; 42% were infectious (146) and 58% were non-infectious (199); 19 % (64) had ocular hypertension. The anatomic distribution was 146 anterior uveitis (42%), 20 intermediate uveitis (6%), 120 posterior uveitis (35%) and 59 cases of panuveitis (17%). The most prevalent etiologies among anterior uveitis were Herpes (25%), Idiopathic (23%), HLA B27 associated uveitis (20%) and Fuchs iridocyclitis (16%). Toxoplasmosis was found the most common cause of posterior uveitis (50%) and Vogt Koyanagi Harada (60%) of panuveitis. A total of 10 cases of masquerade syndrome were identified, 70% (7) presented as posterior uveitis and 30% (3) as panuveitis
This study showed even though the etiologies for anterior and posterior uveitis are similar to previous reported date of other countries, VKH must be suspected in a case of panuveitis.
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