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Daniel Janer, Claudia Acosta, Carolina Sardi, Juan Sanchez, Juan Fernando Pelaez; Age Related Choroidal Atrophy in Hispanics.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):3343.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To describe the findings and measure the subfoveal choroidal thickness with Enhanced Depth Imaging (EDI) OCT in Hispanic subjects with clinical impression of Age Related Choroidal Atrophy (ARCA).
A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 17 subjects with clinical impression of ARCA. All patients had a comprehensive ocular examination, including BCVA, biomicroscopic and fundus examination. They underwent color fundus photography and RTVue (Optovue, Carlsbad, CA) EDI OCT technique. The scan pattern used was the retina cross line. The nasal-temporally oriented line was used to measure the thickness of the choroid. A total of 5 measurements were taken of each eye.
Twenty-six eyes were included from 14 patients, with a mean age of 70,86 years (SD ± 8.46 years). More than half of the subjects, 57.14% were females; 42.86% were males. The mean visual acuity was 20/47 (0.38 LogMAR Equivalent). 80.2% had bilateral disease. The mean choroidal thickness was 119.53µ (SD 49.68µ). There was no statistically significant correlation between BCVA and choroidal thickness (p=0.407).
Age related choroidal atrophy (ARCA) is a condition that can be present in elderly Hispanic subjects. It affects males and females equally, it is usually bilateral and the degree of choroidal thinning does not predict the final visual acuity.
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