Purchase this article with an account.
Vittorio Capuano, Eric H Souied, Anouk Georges, Naima Ben Moussa, Margaret Sterkers, CYNTHIA JACQUELINE KAMAMI-LEVY, Alexandre Pedinielli, Giuseppe Querques; Multimodal imaging of regressing drusen. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):5229.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the multimodal characteristics of calcific regressing drusen.
Consecutive patients with calcific regressing drusen underwent multimodal assessment including confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope infrared reflectance (IR), MultiColor imaging, “eye-tracked” spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and en face Adaptive Optics (AO).
Thirty eyes form 23 consecutive patients (8 male, 15 female, mean age 82.7 years ± 10.1 years) with calcific regressing drusen were included for analysis. On SD-OCT calcific regressing drusen appeared as a laminar/multilaminar intense hyperreflectivity with different degrees of fragmentation. The multilaminar hypereflectivity was found to localize to beneath the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and above the outer Bruch membrane layer (oBM). The SD-OCT analysis allowed describing 3 different types of sub-RPE hypereflectivities. “Type 1” laminar/multilaminar hypereflectivity (12 of 30 eyes) was characterized by an intense signal originating from what we interpreted as the inner Bruch membrane (iBM) layer. “Type 2” multilaminar hypereflectivity (27 of 30 eyes) was characterized by an intense signal originating from the oBM layer. “Type 3” multilaminar fragmented hypereflectivity (11 of 30 eyes) was characterized by an intense signal originating from what we interpreted as both the iBM and oBM, showing different degrees of fragmentation. In 9 of 30 eyes with calcific regressing drusen, en face AO IR imaging showed fused round or pisciform highly refractile lesion in correspondence of spectral domain optical coherence tomography featured laminar/multilaminar sub-RPE intense hyperreflectivity. Interestingly, in 7 further eyes clinically diagnosed with regressing drusen, en face AO IR imaging revealed highly refractile interspersed tiny dots rather than round or pisciform highly refractile lesion. In those eyes, the corresponding SD-OCT scans showed absence of laminar/multilaminar sub-RPE intense hypereflectivity.
Multimodal imaging allows to distinguish different characteristic of regressing drusen, possibly representing different stages in drusen calcification and regression.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only