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Yoko Dodo, Tomoaki Murakami, Akihito Uji, Shin Yoshitake, Nagahisa Yoshimura; Disorganized Retinal Lamellar Structures in Nonperfused Areas of Diabetic Retinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(3):2012-2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-15924.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate morphologic changes on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images in nonperfused areas (NPAs) in diabetic retinopathy (DR).
One hundred eight consecutive eyes of 80 patients with diabetic ischemic maculopathy were retrospectively reviewed. The boundary between the nerve fiber layer (NFL) and the ganglion cell layer (GCL)/inner plexiform layer (IPL) and the status of Henle's layer were characterized on the vertical sectional images of SD-OCT. These findings were compared with the NPAs on the FA images and the logMAR visual acuity (VA).
The SD-OCT images showed that most areas of capillary nonperfusion had an indistinct boundary between the NFL and GCL/IPL in DR, regardless of high or moderate OCT reflectivity. The total transverse length of the NPAs was correlated positively with that of the areas with no boundary between these layers in all 108 eyes (R = 0.860, P < 0.001). Sixty-four eyes that had center-involved diabetic macular edema (DME) also had a significant association between them (R = 0.764, P < 0.001), and the most significant correlation was seen in eyes without DME (R = 0.955, P < 0.001). The macular transverse length of the areas with no boundary between the NFL and GCL/IPL was associated modestly with the logMAR VA (R = 0.334, P < 0.001). The indistinct Henle's layer on SD-OCT images often was delineated specifically in the NPAs rather than in the perfused areas.
Nonperfused areas were associated significantly with the absence of a boundary between the NFL and GCL/IPL on SD-OCT images in DR.
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