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Xuejuan Jiang, Mina Torres, Chunyi Hsu, Stanley P Azen, Rohit Varma, The Chinese American Eye Study; Self-reported Use of Eye Care among Chinese Americans. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):2114. doi: https://doi.org/.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To identify the prevalence and determinants of self-reported eye care use in Chinese Americans
Chinese Americans residing the City of Monterey Park, California were invited to participate in the Chinese American Eye Study.This population-based, cross-sectional study included 4570 Chinese participants aged 50 years and older. Each eligible participant completed a detailed interview and eye examination.Participants were asked about eye care visit, having had a dilated examination in the past 12 months, ever having had a dilated examination. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predisposing, enabling and need variables associated with self-reported eye care utilization.
Overall, 22% of participants reported an eye care visit and 21% reported having a dilated examination in the past year. Fourty-eight percent reported ever having had a dilated eye examination. Greater eye care utilization was associated with older age, having health insurance, lower vision-specific quality of life scores, female gender, greater number of co-morbidities, currently driving, having a usual place for care, bilingual language proficiency (English and Asian), and more education.
Overall eye care utilization rates among Chinese Americans were low. Increasing utilization and access to eye care for Chinese Americans should be a high priority because Chinese American is one of the fastest growing populations in the United States and vision impairment is a critical public health problem.
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