June 2015
Volume 56, Issue 7
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2015
MiR-34a induce human lens epithelial cell apoptosis through E2F3 pathway
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Weirong Chen
    Cataract, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Guangzhou, China
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Weirong Chen, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2015, Vol.56, 2640. doi:
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      Weirong Chen; MiR-34a induce human lens epithelial cell apoptosis through E2F3 pathway. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):2640.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: Previous results showed miR-34a significantly expressed higher in cataract lens epithelial cells than transparent lens. To testify miR-34a induce lens epithelial cell apoptosis through E2F3 and initiate cataractogenesis.

Methods: Using stem-loop RT-PCR, testifying miR-34a expressed higher in cataract than transparent lens. Target prediction for miR-34a was performed using 4 microRNA target prediction tools, miRanda, miRWalk, PicTar5 and Targetscan. Predicted target E2F3 was experimentally validated by luciferase reporter assays in 293T cells. Human lens epithelial cells (SRA-01/04) were transfected with miRNA mimic 34a, mimic control. Apoptosis and gene expression assessed by flow cytometry and western-blot respectively.

Results: miR-34a expressed more than 100 times in cataract lens epithelial cells compared to transparent lens epithelial cells. In 293T cells, miR-34a reduced the rellina activity from the reporter construct containing the E2F3 site(1.87±0.13), whereas no effect was observed with a construct containing a mutated E2F3 seed site(3.46±0.09). The SRA01/04 apoptosis rate, assessing by flow cytometry, showed significant higher in transfected with miR-34a(27.63%±5%) and siE2F3(28.5%±3.3%) compared to mimic control(9%±0.5%) or mock(8.37%±0.06%). Western blot analysis of SRA01/04 cells transfected with miR-34a showed a significant reduction in E2F3 protein compared to mock and mimic control, demonstrating that miR-34a directly targets E2F3 mRNA, which was in agreement with SRA01/04 transfected with siE2F3.

Conclusions: miR-34a is highly expressed in cataract lens epithelial cells. And miR-34a induce human lens epithelial cell apoptosis through E2F3 pathway, which may initiate cataratogenesis.


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