June 2015
Volume 56, Issue 7
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2015
Retinal Oximetry with a Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope in Full-term Infants
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Wouter Vehmeijer
    Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands
  • Vigdis Magnusdottir
    Ophthalmology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Thorunn Scheving Eliasdottir
    Ophthalmology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Sveinn Hakon Hardarson
    Ophthalmology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Nicoline E Schalij-Delfos
    Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands
  • Einar Stefansson
    Ophthalmology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Wouter Vehmeijer, None; Vigdis Magnusdottir, None; Thorunn Eliasdottir, None; Sveinn Hardarson, Oxymap ehf. (C), Oxymap ehf. (I), Oxymap ehf. (P); Nicoline Schalij-Delfos, None; Einar Stefansson, Oxymap ehf. (I), Oxymap ehf. (P), Oxymap ehf. (S)
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2015, Vol.56, 4417. doi:https://doi.org/
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      Wouter Vehmeijer, Vigdis Magnusdottir, Thorunn Scheving Eliasdottir, Sveinn Hakon Hardarson, Nicoline E Schalij-Delfos, Einar Stefansson; Retinal Oximetry with a Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope in Full-term Infants. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):4417. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract
 
Purpose
 

Retinal oximetry may provide insight into the oxygen saturation in the retinal vessels of the developing retina in infants. It can therefore be a valuable tool to gain more insight in the etiology of oxygen-mediated diseases like retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The purpose of this prospective observational study is to assess if images obtained with a Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (SLO, Optomap 200Tx), can be used to measure the hemoglobin oxygen saturation in the retinal vessels in full-term infants without the use of mydriatics or eye speculum.

 
Methods
 

Images of the retina of full-term healthy infants were obtained with an Optomap 200Tx (Optos, plc.), with laser wavelengths 532nm and 633nm. Imaging was performed using the modified “flying baby position” (described by Patel et al. 2013). The images were analyzed using the modified Oxymap Analyzer software. This software algorithm allows calculation of Optical Density Ratio (ODR) and relative oxygen saturation levels of the retinal vessels. The ODR is inversely related to the oxygen saturation. Measurements were included from the superotemporal vessel pair. A paired t-test was used for statistical analysis.

 
Results
 

Fifty-nine infants, 25 males (42%)/34 females (58%), were included with mean gestational age 40 weeks and mean post natal age 16 days. The ODR was 0.277 ± 0.062 (n = 33, mean ± SD) for the arterioles and 0.429 ± 0.094 for the venules. The diameter of retinal vessels was 15 ± 3 pixels (arterioles) and 20 ± 4 pixels (venules). A paired t-test showed a statistically significant difference in ODR between the arterioles and venules (n = 33, p < 0.0001).

 
Conclusions
 

Retinal oximetry can be performed on full-term infants using an SLO and dual-wavelength algorithm without the use of invasive means like mydriatics and eye speculum. However the variability of the saturation measurements of the retinal vessels remains an issue, which needs to be resolved.  

 
Figure 1 The Oxymap analyzer software processes both spectral images to calculate a relative hemoglobin oxygen saturation of the retinal blood vessels. (The scale on the right side; red represents a saturation of 100%, while violet represent 0% saturation)
 
Figure 1 The Oxymap analyzer software processes both spectral images to calculate a relative hemoglobin oxygen saturation of the retinal blood vessels. (The scale on the right side; red represents a saturation of 100%, while violet represent 0% saturation)

 
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