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Juan Pablo Fernandez, Matias Portela, Mariana Ingolotti, Anahi Lupinacci, Cristobal A Couto, Mario J Saravia, Bernardo Ariel Schlaen; Fuchs Syndrome: A cross sectional study in a tertiary university center in Argentina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):5764.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To describe clinical features of patients with diagnosis of Fuchs Syndrome in Argentina
Patients with diagnosis of Fuchs Syndrome who were seen at Hospital Universitario Austral between June 2009 and October 2014 were included. Data recorded included, age, sex, presence of keratic precipitates, anterior chamber cells, iris atrophy, and complications.<br /> Statistical analysis was carried out using excel 2012. Chi square and Fisher exact tests were used as appropriate.
Thirty three patients (12 females, 21 males) with diagnosis of Fuchs Syndrome were included. This represented 8.04% of the patients with diagnosis of uveitis who were seen during this period. Average age was 41 ± 13.34 years. Bilaterality was seen in 5 patients (15.15%). Characteristic keratic precipitates were seen in 23 out of 27 eyes (85.19%). Ten out of 33 eyes (30.3%) had 2+ or more of anterior chamber cells. Eight out of 24 eyes (33.33%) had 2+ or more of vitreous haze. Twenty out of 30 (66.6%) eyes had cataract. Eleven out of 20 eyes (55.5%) underwent cataract surgery. Eyes with 2+ or more vitreous haze had a statistically significant greater proportion of cataract occurrence (Fisher exact test: 0.04). Eleven out of 38 eyes had ocular hypertension (28.95%).
Fuchs syndrome is common in our country. Greater degree of vitreous inflammation seems to be associated with greater proportion of cataract occurrence.
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