June 2015
Volume 56, Issue 7
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2015
Family history is a risk factor for severe stages of angles closure in a South Indian population
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Nazlee Zebardast
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD
  • Srinivasan Kavitha
    Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India
  • Palaniswamy Krishnamurthy
    Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India
  • Sabyasachi Sengupta
    Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India
  • Mohideen Abdul Kader
    Aravind Eye Hospital, Tirunelveli, India
  • Ganesh Raman
    Aravind Eye Hospital, Coimbatore, India
  • Sharmila Reddy
    Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India
  • Rengaraj Venkatesh
    Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India
  • Pradeep Y Ramulu
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Nazlee Zebardast, None; Srinivasan Kavitha, None; Palaniswamy Krishnamurthy, None; Sabyasachi Sengupta, None; Mohideen Abdul Kader, None; Ganesh Raman, None; Sharmila Reddy, None; Rengaraj Venkatesh, None; Pradeep Ramulu, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2015, Vol.56, 5819. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Nazlee Zebardast, Srinivasan Kavitha, Palaniswamy Krishnamurthy, Sabyasachi Sengupta, Mohideen Abdul Kader, Ganesh Raman, Sharmila Reddy, Rengaraj Venkatesh, Pradeep Y Ramulu; Family history is a risk factor for severe stages of angles closure in a South Indian population. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):5819.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

Purpose: To determine if more severe stages of angle closure, defined as primary angle closure or primary angle closure glaucoma (PAC/PACG), are more prevalent amongst siblings of PAC/PACG patients as compared to siblings of primary angle closure suspects (PACS).

Methods: Design: Cross-sectional clinical study<br /> Participants: A total of 596 South Indian proband-sibling pairs, including 422 probands with diagnosis of PACS and 174 with a diagnosis of PAC/PACG.<br /> Methods: A masked grader evaluated probands and siblings by gonioscopy, applanation tonometry, slit lamp biomicroscopy and optic nerve evaluation in order to define the angle closure phenotype. Probands were recruited from one of 2 groups based on the phenotype of the more severely affected eye: (1) PACS, or (2) PAC/PACG. One sibling of each proband was then examined and classified into one of 3 groups: open angles (OA), PACS, or PAC/PACG. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds of PAC/PACG in siblings of PAC/PACG probands as compared to siblings of PACS probands.

Results: Across both sibling groups, 387 individuals (64.9%) had OA, 172 (28.9%) had PACS and 37 (6.2%) had PAC/PACG. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of any angle closure (PACS, PAC or PACG) among PACS siblings (35.3%) and PAC/PACG siblings (34.1%) (p=0.8). However, PAC/PACG was more prevalent among siblings of PAC/PACG probands as compared to siblings of PACS probands (9.7% vs 4.7% respectively; p=0.02). In multivariable models adjusting for proband and sibling age and gender, the odds of PAC/PACG was 2.1 times greater in PAC/PACG siblings as compared to PACS siblings (95% CI=1.1 to 4.3; p=0.03). PAC/PACG siblings were noted to have a significantly higher intraocular pressure as compared to PACS siblings, (β=+0.85 mmHg, 95% CI 0.22-1.48; p=0.008) but did not demonstrate higher cup/disc ratios (p=0.74) or more frequent peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) (p=0.96).

Conclusions: Siblings of South Indian PAC/PACG probands have a greater than two times greater odds of a more severe stage of angle closure than siblings of probands with PACS, suggesting there may be different sets of genetic risk factors that determine whether iridotrabecular contact is tolerated, or whether it progresses towards PAS formation, elevated intraocular pressure and/or glaucomatous damage.


This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.