March 2012
Volume 53, Issue 14
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   March 2012
Trachoma in the city of Botucatu - State of Sao Paulo: ways to detection, health education, prevention and treatment
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Roberta L. Sousa
    Ophthalmology Department,
    Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil
  • Silvana A. Schellini
    Ophthalmology Department,
    Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil
  • Carlos R. Padovani
    Instituto de Biociências,
    Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  Roberta L. Sousa, None; Silvana A. Schellini, None; Carlos R. Padovani, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science March 2012, Vol.53, 69. doi:
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      Roberta L. Sousa, Silvana A. Schellini, Carlos R. Padovani; Trachoma in the city of Botucatu - State of Sao Paulo: ways to detection, health education, prevention and treatment. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):69.

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Abstract

Purpose: : To avoid blindness caused by Trachoma detecting and treating cases of Trachoma in our Municipality; to promote health education to medical students and other health professionals teaching how to detect, to treat and to follow the Trachoma carriers.

Methods: : This study was conducted in Botucatu city, Sao Paulo State - Brazil. A group composed by eight medical students and two nurses was trained by two ophthalmologists to detect and how to treat Trachoma in the population according to the WHO recommendations. Then, 3283 children choosen by lot, were examined during 5 days. The exams followed the protocol established by the WHO to Trachoma detection. The diagnosis were considered by the clinical exam, using a 2,5 times magnifying glasses, looking for follicles on the bilateral everted superior tarsal conjunctiva. Children with infectious Trachoma received Azitromicin, 20 mg/kg, and were visited in their houses where a questionnaire about the social conditions of their families was applied. The children are being followed according to the WHO protocol.

Results: : The prevalence of Trachoma in the city of Botucatu was 3,38%. There were detected 108 cases of Inflammatory Trachoma and 3 cases of Intense Trachoma and none from the other categories. One hundred and six questionnaires were filled. The majority of the children had access to clean water, had a correct toilet and sewage and mentioned to wash their faces once to three times per day.

Conclusions: : Nevertheless the low Trachoma prevalence in the Municipality and the good health conditions, the disease is still present in the city. The authors considered the importance to recognize the maintenance factors and to teach this old disease to the new professionals in order to effort the Trachoma elimination as a blindness disease.

Keywords: clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: prevalence/incidence • trachoma • conjunctivitis 
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