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William L. Park, Ikechukwu Nwakuche, Linda Lawrence, Joanne M. Park; Emerging Developed World Causes Of Low Vision In Nigeria. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):381.
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To describe etiologies and interventions of patients referred to a Low Vision Center in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Retrospective study in free standing non-profit low vision rehabilitation establishment.
Mean Age 39.7, BCVA: 20/205 OU.Incidence Glaucoma (27%) Cataract (23%), Chorioretinopathy (19%), AMD (13%), Congenital Nystagmus (3%), Cortical Visual Impairment (6.6%). Pediatric Co-morbitities Duane's Syndrome, Congenital Nystagmus, Autism
This study underlines the changing patterns of low vision in the developing world. Much attention has been given to ocular disease such as trachoma, onchocerchiasis, vitamin A deficiency, and cataracts in the developing world. In this cohort of patients, diseases that are more common in the developed world were predominant. Typically in Africa there are less referrals and interventions offered to females and we found this was not the case in our study group. This underlines the need of population-based studies of the causes of low vision in the developing world, as the patterns of low vision are changing rapidly.
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