April 2011
Volume 52, Issue 14
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2011
Emerging Developed World Causes Of Low Vision In Nigeria
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • William L. Park
    William L Park OD, LLC, Clinical Director of Envision Programs, Wichita, Kansas
  • Ikechukwu Nwakuche
    Joy Eye Care, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  • Linda Lawrence
    Ophthalmology Private Practice, Linda Lawrence, MD, Salina, Kansas
  • Joanne M. Park
    Envision Vision Rehabilitation Center, Wichita, Kansas
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  William L. Park, None; Ikechukwu Nwakuche, None; Linda Lawrence, None; Joanne M. Park, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2011, Vol.52, 381. doi:
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      William L. Park, Ikechukwu Nwakuche, Linda Lawrence, Joanne M. Park; Emerging Developed World Causes Of Low Vision In Nigeria. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):381.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: : To describe etiologies and interventions of patients referred to a Low Vision Center in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Methods: : Retrospective study in free standing non-profit low vision rehabilitation establishment.

Results: : Mean Age 39.7, BCVA: 20/205 OU.Incidence Glaucoma (27%) Cataract (23%), Chorioretinopathy (19%), AMD (13%), Congenital Nystagmus (3%), Cortical Visual Impairment (6.6%). Pediatric Co-morbitities Duane's Syndrome, Congenital Nystagmus, Autism

Conclusions: : This study underlines the changing patterns of low vision in the developing world. Much attention has been given to ocular disease such as trachoma, onchocerchiasis, vitamin A deficiency, and cataracts in the developing world. In this cohort of patients, diseases that are more common in the developed world were predominant. Typically in Africa there are less referrals and interventions offered to females and we found this was not the case in our study group. This underlines the need of population-based studies of the causes of low vision in the developing world, as the patterns of low vision are changing rapidly.

Keywords: clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: prevalence/incidence • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: health care delivery/economics/manpower • low vision 
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