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Rodrigo G. Lopes, Sr., Marcelo Conte, Sr., Rudolf E. Lenk, Sr., Marinho J. Scarpi, Sr.; Intra-ocular Pressure Response In Swimmers After Physical Effort In Heated Swimming Pool. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):677.
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To verify the intra-ocular pressure (IOP) of high level swimmers after the swimming in heated swimming pool.
An observational study, almost experimental, was developed with 22 volunteers (10 women and 12 men), chosen in accordance with the following criteria of inclusion: i) age: over 18 years old; ii) physical asset: practitioners of the modality swimming with minimum training time of 1 (one) year; iii) apt to carry through the swim tests: negative reference to the presence of muscular injuries; iv) absence of ocular disorders of the outereye segment in the ectoscopia. The swimming pool temperature was kept by 33°C. All the IOP measures were taken using Perkins® tonometer, by the same ophthalmologist, in 4 moments: i) immediately before the swim; ii) immediately after the a 400-meter swim; iii) 3 minutes after the swim, indicating the recovering time at rest condition; iv) 12 minutes after the swim, indicating the recovering time at rest condition. Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA test and post test tukey.
The results are expressed in the table 1.
A significant IOP reduction occurred immediately after the 400-meter swim in both eyes of men (p<0,001*) and women (p<0,05), and staying significant after 3 minutes of recovering condition in men.
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