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Pratibha M. Joshi, Rong Wen, Wen-Hsiang Lee; Glutathione S-Transferase Pi Isoform (GSTP1) Expression in Murine Retina Increases with Developmental Maturity. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):1608.
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Glutathione S-transferase pi isoform (GSTP1) is an intracellular detoxification enzyme that catalyzes reduction of chemically reactive electrophiles and is a zeaxanthin-binding protein in the human macula. We have previously demonstrated that GSTP1 levels are decreased in human age-related macular degeneration (AMD) retina compared to normal controls. We also showed that GSTP1 levels parallel survival of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells exposed to UV light, and GSTP1 over-expression protects them against UV light damage. In the present work, we determined the developmental time course of GSTP1 expression in murine retina and in response to light challenge.
The eyes from BALB/c mice at post-natal day 20, 1 month, and 2 months of age were prepared for retinal protein extraction and for cryo sectioning, and the GSTP1 levels in the retina were analyzed by Western blot and by immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively. Another group of BALB/c mice with the same age ranges was exposed to 1000 lux of white fluorescent light for 24 hours, and their retinas were analyzed for GSTP1 expression by Western blot and IHC in a similar manner.
The GSTP1 levels in the murine retina increased in ascending order from post-natal day 20, 1 month, and 2 months of age. Moreover, GSTP1 expression in murine retina at post-natal day 20, 1 month, and 2 months of age increased in response to brief light exposure compared to age-matched controls under normal condition.
GSTP1 expression in retina increases with developmental age in mice and accompanies murine retinal maturation. Brief exposure to light induces GSTP1 expression in the murine retina across various developmental ages. GSTP1 induction may be a protective response to light-induced oxidative damage in the murine retina.
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