Purchase this article with an account.
Silvio Alessandro Di Gioia, Corinne Kostic, Stef J.F. Letteboer, Lisette Hetterschijt, Yvan Arsenijevic, Ronald Roepman, Carlo Rivolta; FAM161A, Associated With Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa, Localizes At The Level Of The Photoreceptor Cilium And Interacts With Proteins Involved In Ciliopathies. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):1732.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We have previously demonstrated that mutations in the FAM161A gene, encoding a protein with unknown function and no similarities with other characterized sequences, cause autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The purpose of this work is to investigate the functional role of FAM161A within the retina and its relationship with other proteins involved in RP.
The subcellular localization of FAM161A in the retina was assessed by immunohistochemistry of retinal sections and dissociated photoreceptors from mice, which were stained using antibodies against FAM161A and antibodies against cilium markers. The function of FAM161A was further assessed in ciliated mammalian cell lines by expression of recombinant FAM161A with various fusion tags. The binary interaction between FAM161A and a collection of ciliary and ciliopathy-associated proteins was analyzed using a yeast two-hybrid assay. The results obtained with this technique were validated using independent protein-protein interaction assays (GST-pull downs, co-transfection and co-immunoprecipitation).
Native FAM161A localized at the connecting cilium of photoreceptor cells, as demonstrated by immunofluorescence in both dissociated photoreceptors and retinal sections of mice. More specifically, co-staining with markers for ciliary sub-structures (RPGRIP1L, Centrin, RP1, GT335) demonstrated that FAM161A decorated the basal body and the very apical part of the connecting cilium. Upon overexpression in ciliated cultured mammalian cells, FAM161A localized to the ciliary basal body. Yeast two-hybrid analysis of the binary interaction of FAM161A and an array of ciliary proteins revealed the direct interaction of FAM161A with three proteins of which the cognate genes are mutated in retinal ciliopathies. The confirmation of these interactions using different biochemical assays is currently in progress.
FAM161A is a ciliary basal body protein of the photoreceptor connecting cilium, rendering the associated RP as a novel retinal ciliopathy. The confined expression of FAM161A in the retina and the direct interaction of FAM161A with other retinal ciliopathy-associated proteins may explain the retinal phenotype of this specific subset of mechanistically and phenotypically connected retinal disorders.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only