April 2011
Volume 52, Issue 14
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2011
Evaluation Of Reading Errors Relative To Microperimetry Findings
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Gianfrancesco M. Villani
    Unione Italiana Ciechi Ipovedenti Verona, Verona, Italy
  • Giovanni Sato
    Centro di Riabilitazione Visiva, Ulss16, Ospedale S. Antonio, Padova, Italy
  • Donald C. Fletcher
    Ophthalmology, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California
  • Ronald A. Schuchard
    VA Palo Alto Rehabilitation R & D Service, Stanford Institute of Neuro-Innovation & Translational Neurosciences, Palo Alto, California
  • Roberta Rizzo
    Centro di Riabilitazione Visiva, Ulss16, Ospedale S. Antonio, Padova, Italy
  • Carlo Camerucci
    Unione Italiana Ciechi Ipovedenti Verona, Verona, Italy
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  Gianfrancesco M. Villani, None; Giovanni Sato, None; Donald C. Fletcher, None; Ronald A. Schuchard, None; Roberta Rizzo, None; Carlo Camerucci, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2011, Vol.52, 1904. doi:
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      Gianfrancesco M. Villani, Giovanni Sato, Donald C. Fletcher, Ronald A. Schuchard, Roberta Rizzo, Carlo Camerucci; Evaluation Of Reading Errors Relative To Microperimetry Findings. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):1904.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: : To investigate the relationship between microperimetry findings and reading errors on standardized charts in Italian

Methods: : Multicentric study. 44 eyes of 40 patients with central scotoma(s) were studied. Clinical diagnoses were: AMD (non neovascular and neovascular), myopic maculopathy, macular edema, macular hole, macular pucker, and central serous retinopathy. All patients referred symptoms of blurred vision and subjectively reduced reading ability. Main outcome measures were BCVA (ETDRS at 2 and 1 m), Contrast Sensitivity (Pelli-Robson), reading performance (Italian MN-Read and SK-Read Charts), and location of central scotoma(s) relative to PRL. Microperimetry was performed by means of either a CenterVue MAIA, a Nidek MP-1, or an OPKO OCT-SLO, depending on the study location. Reading rates and errors were recorded, and the latter classified as right or left as they occurred on the side of a word or within it. Missing words were classified as left or right errors relative to their location within a block. When lateral classification did not appear well-defined, the error was marked as "other"

Results: : Age median (range) was 75 (38-90), Visual Acuity 20/150 (20/20-20/919), Log Contrast Sensitivity 0.75 (1.35-0). Reading errors median (range) was 2 (0-13) for MN-Read and 10,5 (3-31) for SK-Read, blocks read were 8 (12-1) for MN-Read and 6 (12-1) for SK-Read, and logMAR reading acuity was 0.67 (0.2-1.37) for MN-Read and 0.92 (0.24-1.35) for SK-Read. SK-Read errors (2.5/block) were very significantly more than MN-Read errors (0.8/block). SK-Read showed a trend of errors to the right side of words being related to right sided scotomas and of left sided errors to left sided scotomas, although it did not result statistically significant. Grouping analysis helped differentiate scotoma impact on high and low acuity ranks

Conclusions: : SK-Read demonstrated much more sensitive to scotoma induced errors than MN-Read. Verbalization of such a high number of errors through the SK-Read allows a deeper insight into PRL function and scotoma interference on reading. The worse acuity score on SK-Read suggests that reading text without contextual clues (e.g. phone books, technical directories) needs stronger effort and possibly higher magnification for low vision patients to read

Keywords: low vision • reading • visual fields 

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