Purchase this article with an account.
Wei-Chi Wu, II, Chi-Chun Lai; Fourier-domain Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Imaging In Patients With History of Retinopathy Of Prematurity (ROP). Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):2177.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The purpose of this study is to determine the Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings for children with a history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to identify any association between OCT findings and patients’ visual acuity.
Children 6 to 14 years of age with history of prematury (group 1, 2, 3) and age-matched normal children (group 4) were included prospectively. Fourier-domain OCT was used to document the status of macula and the results were compared. Patients were classified into the following 4 groups: patients with history of ROP and laser or cryo-therapy (group 1); with regressed ROP without any treatment (group 2); with prematurity history without ROP (group 3); and normal full term children (group 4). Patients’ visual acuity, refractive status, axial length, and corneal keratometry were also measured and compared among different groups of patients.
Sixty-nine patients were enrolled in the study. Patients in group 1 had significantly thicker macula as demonstrated by OCT than the rest of patients. The incidence of abnormal foveal contour in group 1 was also significantly higher than the rest of patients. These findings correlated with poorer visual acuity and higher refractive error identified in group 1 patients.
Patients with treatment-requiring ROP is more likely to have abnormal foveal development and worse visual prognosis than the other groups of patients. Fourier-domain OCT is an useful tool for detecting subtle changes in the macular region in the patients with history of ROP.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only