April 2011
Volume 52, Issue 14
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2011
Choroidal Thickness Mapping in Normal Healthy Subjects
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Yasushi Ikuno
    Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Univ Medical School, Suita, Japan
  • Yoshiaki Yasuno
    Institute of Applied Physics, Univ of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
  • Kohji Nishida
    Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Univ Medical School, Suita, Japan
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  Yasushi Ikuno, None; Yoshiaki Yasuno, TOMEY Corp (F), Topcon Corp (F); Kohji Nishida, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2011, Vol.52, 2185. doi:
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      Yasushi Ikuno, Yoshiaki Yasuno, Kohji Nishida; Choroidal Thickness Mapping in Normal Healthy Subjects. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(14):2185.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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High-penetration optical coherence tomography (HP-OCT) with a long-wavelength light source (1060 nm) allows us to visualize the deep choroid far beneath the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The utility of volumetric analysis which is provided by custom made software is evaluated.


Five eyes from healthy volunteers were included. Cube scan (6×6mm containing 512×255 A-scans)was performed using prototype HP-OCT (Swept source, 50;000 A-scans per second). We traced the RPE and chorio-scleral interface manually on every 4 slice from 255 B-scans (total 32 slices) and the data was analyzed by custom- made software providing the total choroidal volume and the choroidal thickness (CT) of the nine macular sectors as defined by ETDRS (Figure).


The mean age was 42.0 +/- 3.5 years old, and the mean total choroidal thickness 394 +/- 77 µm, and the total choroidal volume 8.3 +/- 2.2 mm3. The mean CT within 1mm circle was 394 micrometers. The mean CT within inner 3mm circle was 363 µm (nasal), 390 µm (superior), 391µm (temporal), and 396µm (inferior). Similarly the mean CT within 6mm outer circle was 327 µm (nasal), 391 µm (superior), 385µm (temporal), and 398µm (inferior). One-way ANOVA has suggested the nasal part was significantly thinner compared to other 3 quadrants both in inner and outer circles (P<0.05).


The volumetric analysis will be useful to obtain more 3-dimentional information of the choroid in normal eyes.  

Keywords: choroid • imaging methods (CT, FA, ICG, MRI, OCT, RTA, SLO, ultrasound) • imaging/image analysis: clinical 

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