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Eleni Nikita, Alexander Moulin, Theodoros Filippopoulos, Leonidas Zografos, Dimitrios Panagiotidis, Ioannis Vergados, Panagiotis G. Theodossiadis; A Pilot Study on Ocular Safety and Efficacy of Infliximab as an Antifibrotic Agent after Experimental Filtration Surgery. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):2518.
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To evaluate the safety and efficacy of infliximab as an antifibrotic agent after experimental glaucoma filtration surgery in rabbits.
In a randomized, prospective, masked-observer study, 30 New Zealand Albino rabbits underwent glaucoma filtration surgery. The animals were allocated to receive either intraoperative application of infliximab (group A) or mitomycin C (MMC) at a concentration of 0.2mg/ml (group B) or balanced salt solution (BSS, control)(group C). Different infliximab doses, namely 1.0mg, 2.0mg, 3.0mg, 4.0mg, 5.0mg in 0.1ml were applied. Bleb survival and characteristics were evaluated over a 30day period. The animals were killed on postoperative day 15 and 30. Histology of the operated eyes was performed to evaluate and grade the amount of scarring in each group.Cellular density was evaluated in each case.
Infliximab did not appear to improve the outcome of filtration surgery in this model of glaucoma filtration surgery.There was a significant decrease in cellular density in the MMC group compared to the control group (p=0.0352). There was neither a significant decrease in cellular density between the infliximab group and the control group nor between the infliximab group and the MMC group. Overall there was no difference in terms of fibrosis between the three different groups. There was slightly less inflammation in the infliximab group, but not significant.
In this study intraoperative application of infliximab does not appear to be superior to the application of MMC or a control with regard to bleb survival and fibrosis. This study however demonstrates that intraoperative application of MMC significantly reduces the cellular density of the filtration bleb.
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