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Cyrielle H. Bela, Justyna D. Oleszczuk, Lorenzo Franscini, Ciara Bergin, Eamon Sharkawi; Systematized Stenting of Baerveldt Shunts: techniques to reduce early post-operative hypotony. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):3708.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the effect of the systematized use of intraluminal stents in Baerveldt shunts (BS) on early postoperative IOP control and complication rates.
One hundred and twenty eyes with medically uncontrolled glaucoma were prospectively recruited to undergo BS implantation at Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, Switzerland. Baerveldt shunts were stented (full-length of the intraluminal tube) using a Supramid® 3.0 suture. A minority of shunts (37%) were also ligated intraoperatively and laser suture lysis performed postoperatively. Stent removals, either partial (retraction of 5mm) or complete, were carried out according to a predetermined protocol. Surgery was considered a success when IOP was ≤ 21mmHg and a minimum of 20% reduction from baseline was achieved with/without glaucoma medication (GMs). Hypotony related complications were defined as: choroidal effusions, shallow AC, hypotonous maculopathy or IOP≤5mmHg for over 2 weeks.
Mean age was 61.8 years (± standard deviation; ±21.5). Mean follow-up was 17.1 (±7.9) months. Mean preoperative IOP was 26.9 mmHg; mean IOP on the last visit 13.2 mmHg (p<0.001). At year one, the success rate was 87%. In 90% of eyes, IOP was ≤18 mmHg at last visit. Mean number of preoperatively GMs was 3.1; postoperatively 1.4 (p<0.001). Stent removals were performed in 87% of eyes (24% partial; 61% complete). 13% of eyes required no stent removal to reach target IOP. Complications were minor and infrequent (16%) and only 7% were hypotony related.
Systematized use of intraluminal stents with Baerveldt aqueous shunts resulted in gradual and controlled IOP lowering with minimal hypotony-related complications. This may have important implications on clinical practice, given the rising rates of aqueous shunt implantation.
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